BELLINI “I CAPULETI E I MONTECCHI”
Venice: La Fenice Opera House
Conductor: Omer Meir Wellber
Director: Arnaud Bernard
Sets: Alessandro Camera
Costumes: Maria Carla Ricotti
Jessica Pratt (14, 16, 18, 20)
Mihaela Marcu (15, 17)
Sonia Ganassi (14, 16, 18, 20)
Paola Gardina (15, 17)
Shalva Mukeria (14, 16, 18, 20)
Francesco Marsiglia (15, 17)
La Fenice Opera House Orchestra and Chorus
Chorus Master Claudio Marino Moretti
new production La Fenice Opera House
co-production Arena di Verona and Greek National Opera
Day Date Time
Wed 2015-01-14 19:00
Thu 2015-01-15 19:00
Fri 2015-01-16 19:00
Sat 2015-01-17 15:30
Sun 2015-01-18 15:30
Tue 2015-01-20 19:00
Vincenzo Bellini wrote two tragic operas for Teatro La Fenice: I Capuleti e i Montecchi and Beatrice di Tenda. The first, composed in 1830 and to the story of Romeo and Juliet but not based on Shakespeare but rather on an early nineteenth-century tragedy by Luigi Scevola in a new production by Arnaud Bernard (direction), Alessandro Camera (sets) and Maria Carla Ricotti (costumes), co-produced with Fondazione Arena di Verona (where it was presented at the Teatro Filarmonico in November 2013) and with the Greek National Opera of Athens. The cast includes Jessica Pratt and Mihaela Marcu as Giulietta; Sonia Ganassi and Paola Gardina as Romeo; Shalva Mukeria and Francesco Marsiglia as Tebaldo; Rubén Amoretti as Capellio; and Luca Dall’Amico as Lorenzo, conducted by Omer Meir Wellber.
The most famous and ill-starred love story of all times, and made immortal by Shakespeare’s play of the same name, Romeo and Juliet has often been put to music. One of the most popular versions is the two-act opera I Capuleti e i Montecchi, which Teatro La Fenice commissioned Vincenzo Bellini with for the 1830 Carnival, and it debuted on 11 March. Felice Romani was the author of the libretto, as well as of the later Sonnambula and Norma, and he based the subject on Italian literary tradition, and in particular on a novella by the Renaissance author Matteo Bandello and an early nineteenth-century tragedy by Luigi Scevola. As in the earlier Zaira, once again the protagonists’ voices are female and Romeo is a mezzo soprano en travesti.
Act I, Scene 1: A gallery in the Capuleti palace.
The city of Verona is torn apart by civil strife. The followers of the Capuleti family (the “Guelfi”) oppose the followers of the Montecchi family (the “Ghibellini”). Fearing an attack, Capellio has called his people to exhort them to continue the struggle. He informs them that Romeo, the head of the Montecchi, is sending an envoy with peace proposals. Capellio hates Romeo, who recently killed his son. Lorenzo counsels them to hear the proposals. Tebaldo, however, promises vengeance with the blood of Romeo. Capellio thereupon offers Tebaldo his daughter, Giulietta; and they are to be married that evening. Knowing of the secret bond between Romeo and Giulietta, Lorenzo advises against the marriage because Giulietta is ill. Romeo, who is known by the Capuleti only by name, arrives to discuss peace. He proposes that the peace be sealed by the marriage of Romeo and Giulietta. Capellio refuses and promises future bloodshed. Romeo is informed of Giulietta’s betrothal to Tebaldo.
Act I, Scene 2: A room in Giulietta’s apartment.
Giulietta learns of her father’s decision. She sadly calls out to her beloved Romeo. Lorenzo arrives with Romeo through a secret door to Giulietta’s room. Romeo embraces Giulietta and urges her to run away with him. She refuses because of her duty to obey her father.
Act I, Scene 3: A courtyard in Capellio’s palace.
The Guelfi celebrate the imminent wedding of Giulietta and Tebaldo. Romeo, disguised as a Guelfi, confides to Lorenzo that there are a thousand armed Ghibellini outside the city preparing to attack. Lorenzo urges him to abandon his plans, all to no avail. The attack begins. During the commotion, Romeo races to join his men. Giulietta enters in her wedding dress. Romeo reaches her and urges her to follow him. Capellio and Tebaldo arrive leading the Guelfi. They recognize Romeo as the envoy. Romeo identifies himself and escapes with the assistance of the Ghibellini.
Act II, Scene 1: An apartment in Capellio’s palace.
Giulietta is anxious. Lorenzo tells her that Romeo is safe; however, the wedding will take place the next day. Lorenzo devises a stratagem. He advises her to take a potion that will produce a deathlike condition. Giulietta immediately grasps the potion and drinks it. Capellio enters and instructs her to retire and to prepare for the wedding. Giulietta implores him to embrace her. Disturbed, Capellio begins to feel remorse. Harboring suspicions of Lorenzo, he sends for Tebaldo and orders him to guard Lorenzo.
Act II, Scene 2: A deserted place near Capellio’s palace.
Alarmed by the lack of news, Romeo searches for Lorenzo. He comes upon Tebaldo who challenges him to a duel. Just as they are about to engage in combat, they are taken aback by funeral music. It is a funeral procession to Giulietta’s tomb. Both overwhelmed with grief, Romeo and Tebaldo disengage.
Act II, Scene 3: At the tombs of the Capuleti.
Led by Romeo, the Ghibellini arrive to mourn. He orders her tomb to be opened and bids farewell to Giulietta. He then takes poison. Giulietta awakens and calls out to Romeo. She sees him at the foot of the sepulcher, thinking that he is there at Lorenzo’s instructions. She soon realizes the truth when Romeo tells her he has taken poison. They embrace. Romeo dies and Giuletta falls dead upon his body. The Guelfi and Ghibellini rush in and observe the tragic scene. Capellio blames himself for the consequences of the hatred between the two factions.